# Trailing 12 Months: Definition and How to Calculate It

Author Ella Bos

Posted Mar 30, 2023

Trailing twelve months, or TTM for short, is a powerful tool that small-business owners can use to get an accurate view of their business's financial health. It is a financial statement analysis tool that takes into account the previous year and the current year-to-date financial data to provide an overview of a company's performance over the past 12 months. In this article, we will delve deeper into what trailing 12 months calculations are and how to calculate them.

Trailing 12 months analysis is different from analyzing a business's financial statements based on a calendar year or the previous month. By including the most recent data, it provides an up-to-date picture of a company's performance. This makes it easier for business owners to make informed decisions regarding their finances. Furthermore, since it takes into account an extended period of time, it can help identify trends and patterns that might not be visible when looking at only one period.

## Discover the Secret behind Trailing 12 Months Calculation!

Are you tired of just looking at a single year's worth of financial data to analyze your business's performance? Trailing 12 months calculation, or TTM analysis, is the secret to compiling information from the previous 12 months financial data, giving you a more comprehensive understanding of your business.

The TTM analysis allows you to look at the past year's worth of financial data regardless of when it occurred. For example, if your business beginning July 1 and ending June 30, you can use TTM analysis to calculate the previous year's financial data from July 1 of the current year to June 30 of the previous year. By doing so, you can gain insight into how your business has performed over time and make better-informed decisions for its future growth.

## Discover the Differences between TTM and LTM Metrics

When it comes to measuring financial performance, companies often use two different metrics: trailing twelve months (TTM) and last twelve months (LTM). As the name suggests, TTM refers to the period immediately preceding today's date. In contrast, LTM looks further back, usually covering a full calendar year or more.

In essence, trailing-twelve months is a time frame that spans just twelve months. This can be beneficial for investors who want to smooth out short-term price volatility caused by recent swings in the market or holiday seasons like summer vacations in the travel industry. While quarterly results can skew higher or lower because of seasonal factors, TTM helps smooth these fluctuations by providing a longer-term view of recent performance.

On the other hand, LTM numbers provide updated metrics based on metrics reported in a company's annual and quarterly reports over the past ten years. Wall Street analysts usually reference LTM because it gives them a better sense of how a company has been performing over time. By comparing these longer-term comparisons with TTM numbers, finance lets figure out if there has been any change to a company's earnings trend.

## Master the Art of Calculating Trailing 12 Months

Trailing 12 months calculation is an important tool in evaluating business financial information. It allows you to look back over the past year and see trends and patterns that can help you make better decisions. With bookkeeping software, calculating trailing 12 months is easy and accurate, giving you the data you need to make informed choices about your business. In this blog post, we'll explore the art of calculating trailing 12 months and how it can benefit your business.

### 1. For your profit and loss statement and statement of cash flows

For your profit and loss statement and statement of cash flows, the trailing 12 months calculation is a helpful tool that can be easily set up in most accounting software packages. With a customized date range starting from July 1, 2019 to June 30, 2020, the current trailing 12 months figures can be compared to the previous year's figures using the calculation feature that automatically calculates both dollar amount and percentage change. This comparison feature is essential to understanding your business's financial health and making informed decisions for its future.

### 2. For your balance sheet

For your balance sheet, it's important to have a clear picture of your company's financial performance over a specific date range. This is where the trailing 12 months calculation comes in handy. By looking at cumulative financial information from the most recent 12-month period, you can get a more accurate understanding of your business's overall health and growth trajectory. Just be sure to choose an ending date that aligns with your reporting cycle and provides the most useful insights for your specific needs.

## When not to use trailing 12 months analysis

While the trailing 12 months calculation is a useful tool for analyzing a business's financial position, it is not always appropriate. For businesses that have complicated bookkeeping entries or make quarterly or annually conducting of their financial statements, manually making trailing 12 months calculations can be extremely time-consuming and prone to errors. This could result in making inaccurate assumptions about the business's financial position.

Secondly, if a business owner has a tax liability and needs to make quarterly estimated tax payments, using trailing 12-month calculations may not be helpful. The tax liability is based on the current year-to-date financial statements, so using trailing 12-month calculations could lead to overestimating or underestimating estimated taxes. This could result in penalties and interest charges from the IRS.

Lastly, when conducting an annual business review, it's important to rely on current year financial statements rather than trailing 12-month calculations. Estimated taxes stick with the current year financial statements, so using trailing 12-month calculations could lead to inaccurate projections for future years. These issues are easily remedied by ensuring that accurate records are maintained throughout the year and relying on current year financial statements during annual reviews.

Trailing 12 months calculations can be a powerful tool for managing your business. With this method, you can easily account for your income cash flow and expenses awareness over the past year, giving you a clear picture of your financial standing. By focusing on leading indicators and making proactive decisions taking advantage of this data, you can avoid potential pitfalls and steer your business towards profitable growth.

Using accounting software conducting trailing 12 months calculations is an excellent opportunity to dive into strategic conversation with key stakeholders in your business. With just a simple date range adjustment, you can run trailing 12 months financials and gain insights that might otherwise be concealed by complex bookkeeping entries done on a periodic basis. Armed with this information, you'll feel confident in making informed decisions about how to allocate resources and make the most out of your current year-to-date financial statements.

One of the biggest benefits of using the trailing 12 months calculation appropriately is that it helps simplify tax calculations. During routine financial statement review or more detailed financial analysis, it is much easier to calculate tax liability when using trailing 12 months calculations. On a similar note, reviewing these figures can help highlight areas where additional investments should be made, or conversely where cuts could be made without sacrificing quality or productivity. Overall, the trailing twelve months calculation is a powerful tool for managerial purposes that businesses should take advantage of to make informed decisions that drive profitable growth.

When it comes to measuring a company's recent performance, the trailing twelve months (TTM) measure is a commonly referred metric. The ttm revenue measure takes into account a wide range of financial data lettings you have an accurate picture of the company's total revenues over the previous 12-month period. This allows investors and analysts to better understand a company's revenue yield and potential for earnings.

For example, if you're looking to invest in a retail firm or mutual fund, understanding their ttm yield can give you insight into their recent performance. By analyzing their quarterly revenue report and net sales, you can calculate their fund ttm yield or exchange-traded fund (ETF) ttm yield, which is the weighted average of the previous 12 months' yields. This information can help you determine whether the investment aligns with your goals.

The ttm measure isn't just useful for investors; it can also be used by companies themselves to assess their own earnings potential. By understanding their ttm share EPS and interest income, businesses can make informed decisions about how to allocate resources and plan for future growth. Whether you're an investor or business owner, understanding the trailing twelve months measure is crucial in maximizing success.

### What is a trailing 12-month yield?

A trailing 12-month yield is a measure of an investment's income over the past year, calculated by adding up all the distributions or interest payments made to investors and dividing by the current price. It provides a snapshot of the investment's performance and can be used to compare different investments.

### Does TTM include the current month?

Yes, TTM (Trailing Twelve Months) includes the current month. It looks at the past 12 months, including the most recent month, to calculate financial metrics.

### What are the benefits of a trailing 12 months?

A trailing 12 months analysis allows for a better understanding of a company's performance over the past year, including revenue and expenses. This information can be used to make informed decisions about investments or business strategies.

### What is the trailing twelve months (TTM) calculator?

The trailing twelve months (TTM) calculator is a tool used to calculate financial data over the past 12 months. It is commonly used by investors and analysts to assess a company's performance and make investment decisions.

### What is trailing 12 months (TTM)?

Trailing 12 months (TTM) is a financial metric that calculates the sum of a company's last four quarters of revenue, earnings, or other relevant factors. It provides an accurate picture of a company’s current financial performance and helps investors make informed decisions.

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